In modern times the traditional makeup of apprentice geisha is one of their most recognizable characteristics, though established geisha generally only wear full white face makeup characteristic of maiko during special performances.
Many modern geisha use wigs in their professional lives, while maiko use their natural hair.
Formal greetings, gifts, and visits are key parts of any social structure in Japan and for a maiko, they are crucial for her to build the support network she needs to survive as a geisha.
Many experienced geisha are successful enough to choose to live independently.
The district of Gion in Kyoto, Japan does not accept non-Japanese women to train for becoming a geisha due to their ultra—traditionalist environment.
The third is the social skill of navigating the complex social web of the hanamachi.
Translated by Rowley, G.
Another important aspect of purdah is modesty for women, which includes minimizing the movement of women in public spaces and interactions of women with other males.